Why is 12v (Low Voltage) used for Garden Lighting? – Ashoka Lites

Why is 12v (Low Voltage) used for Garden Lighting?

Garden lighting is a great way to transform an outdoor area into something both appealing and functional. You can create shadowed pathways, spotlight outdoor features, or simply extend the usability of your outdoor space far beyond daylight hours with careful use of quality lights. As garden lights are installed near plants and water sources in gardens, it is important that they are reliable and safe for the environment - which brings us to why 12V (low voltage) LED technology has become popular for use in garden lighting applications. In this article, we will discuss the use of 12v (low voltage) for garden lighting and why it is a popular choice among homeowners and landscapers to buy garden lights online India.

Introduction to Garden Lighting

Garden lighting is an essential aspect of landscaping and garden design. It not only adds aesthetic appeal to a garden but also serves practical purposes such as safety, security, and accentuation of specific features. The purpose of garden lighting is to enhance the beauty of a garden and highlight its unique features at night. Garden lighting provides an opportunity to enjoy a garden even after dark and can transform an ordinary garden into a stunning outdoor space.

Purpose of Garden Lighting

The purpose of garden lighting is to illuminate outdoor spaces, paths, and gardens for safety and security. Garden lighting can be used to highlight a specific area or feature of a garden, such as a waterfall, statue, or pond. Garden lighting can also be used to create a relaxed and comfortable outdoor environment, providing a warm and inviting atmosphere.

Importance of Garden Lighting

Garden lighting is important because it enhances the beauty of a garden, provides safety and security, and allows garden owners to enjoy their outdoor space even after dark. Garden lighting also helps to extend the usable hours of a garden, allowing garden owners to spend more time outside. A well-lit garden also adds value to a property and can be used to highlight the beauty and unique features of a garden.

Overview of Low Voltage Lighting

Low voltage lighting is a popular choice for garden lighting. Low voltage lighting refers to lighting systems that operate at a voltage of 12V or less. Low voltage lighting is a safe, energy-efficient, and cost-effective option for garden lighting.

What is Low Voltage Lighting?

Low voltage lighting is a type of lighting system that operates at a voltage of 12V or less. Low voltage lighting systems are powered by a transformer that converts standard household voltage (120V) to low voltage (12V). Low voltage lighting systems are safer and more energy-efficient than high voltage lighting systems, making them a popular choice for garden lighting.

Benefits of Low Voltage Lighting

Low voltage lighting has several advantages over high voltage lighting. Low voltage lighting is safer and more energy-efficient than high voltage lighting, making it an ideal choice for garden lighting applications. The low voltage also reduces the risk of electric shock as compared to high voltage systems. Additionally, low voltage systems are easily expandable and can be connected to multiple lights, allowing garden owners to customize their outdoor lighting.

Advantages of 12V Low Voltage Garden Lightin

12V low voltage garden lighting is a popular choice for garden lighting due to its safety and energy-efficiency. Advantages of 12V low voltage garden lighting include:

Energy Efficiency

12V Low Voltage Garden Lighting offers an incredibly efficient source of outdoor lighting. By utilizing the low voltage power of a 12V electrical circuit, these lights require up to 85% less energy than standard 120V lighting systems. This energy efficiency can result in significant cost savings over time, as well as reduced emissions from the burning of fossil fuels for electricity production.

Cost Savings

Not only does 12V Low Voltage Garden Lighting save energy and reduce emissions, but it also saves homeowners money on their monthly utility bills. In addition to the initial purchase price being lower than traditional garden lighting, the ongoing expenses associated with keeping it running are significantly lower since it requires much less electricity to


Safety Features

12V Low Voltage Garden Lighting is much safer than its higher voltage counterparts due to its low voltage requirements, making it ideal for garden settings where children or pets may be present. Additionally, since the power cable is typically buried underground, there is a greatly reduced risk of electric shock or fire hazards that could be caused by exposed wiring in other types of lighting systems.

Easy Installation

Installing 12V Low Voltage Garden Lighting is quick and easy as compared to traditional garden lighting systems which typically require extensive wiring work and expertise for installation and setup. With a low voltage system all you need are a few simple tools, some basic knowledge about working with electricity, and minimal digging for running the required cables throughout your garden space - making it perfect for DIY enthusiasts who want to set up their own outdoor lighting system without needing any extra help from professionals.

Types of 12V Low Voltage Garden Lights

There are a variety of 12V Low Voltage Garden Lighting options available on the market today. These include:

LED Lights

LED lights are incredibly energy-efficient, long-lasting and cost-effective lighting solutions for outdoor spaces. They can be used to create bright accents or subtle ambiance in your garden space and come in a variety of shapes and sizes to suit any design need. LED garden lights India are also available in a range of color temperatures and brightness levels, making them highly versatile lighting solutions.

Path Lights

These 12V low voltage garden lights are ideal for lighting up a pathway, walkway, driveway, or garden area. They come in a variety of styles and colors and typically have long-lasting LED bulbs. Path lights will help to bring out the beauty of your outdoor space while providing a safe walking environment at night.

Spot Lights

Spot lights are perfect for highlighting special features in your outdoor space, such as trees, sculptures, or water features. The small size of spotlights allow them to be placed inconspicuously within shrubbery or other foliage without being noticed during the day but shining brightly when the sun goes down. They are a great way to add drama and beauty to any outdoor area while still providing enough light for safety purposes.

Flood Lights

Flood lights provide an even spread of illumination over larger areas making them great for illuminating large outdoor spaces like patios, decks, and backyards. Because they are typically mounted on poles or walls that are higher off the ground than other lighting types, they can cast their light further out into the space giving it an even brighter look at night time.

Deck Lights

Deck lights provide ambient illumination over decking areas making them pleasant places to hang out with family and friends after dark. Deck lights come in many styles ranging from recessed fixtures designed to fit flush with the boards of a wooden deck to string or rope lighting that can be hung from posts around the perimeter of a deck area in order to provide subtle illumination along its edges as well as underneath it for subtle indirect ambient lighting effects at night time.

Installation of 12V Low Voltage Garden Lighting

Installing 12V Low Voltage Garden Lighting is typically a fairly simple process and with the right tools and knowledge, can be completed in just a few hours.


Before beginning the installation of 12V low voltage garden lighting, it is important to have all of the necessary equipment and materials on hand. This will ensure that the installation process goes smoothly, and that the end result looks good. Additionally, it is important to carefully read all instructions prior to commencing the installation, as they will provide valuable tips and advice which can help reduce any potential problems or errors during installation. 

Equipment Needed

The list of items required to install 12V low voltage garden lighting includes a 12V transformer, specialised 12V bulbs for outdoor use, appropriate junction boxes for connecting components together, waterproof electrical tape (or its equivalent), PVC conduit for underground wiring if required, an appropriate wire gauge depending on the distance from the transformer to each light fitting and any other accessories such as mounting brackets or connectors. Additionally, it may be useful to have some tools such as a shovel, spade or auger on hand in order to create trenches for burying electrical wires if needed. It is also important to make sure you have safety gear such as protective eyewear and gloves available in case of accidental contact with electricity during installation. 

Step-by-Step Installation Guide

1) Firstly check whether your existing wiring setup is suitable for 12V garden lighting fixtures by tracing each cable back from its connection point to ensure it is properly earthed at one end (i.e., connected directly into a mains power source). Then locate an appropriate position within reachable height where you can safely mount the transformer unit. Connect all cables according to manufacturer’s instructions and secure firmly using waterproof electrical tape, taking care not to over tighten connections in order not to damage them. 

 2) Once this has been completed successfully and power can be supplied safely from the transformer unit then begin installing each light fixture according to manufacturer’s instructions; connecting each one in accordance with their specific requirements (number of wires per connection etc.). Make sure that any connections made outside are sufficiently protected against weathering by using water proofing elements like PVC conduits or specialised tape/covers etc., before burying them underground if required.  

3) Securely fasten all fixtures into place as instructed by manufacturers specifications ensuring no parts are left exposed which could be subject to tampering or accidental damage due electric shock hazard; again making sure that all connections are correctly sealed in order reduce any potential moisture damage which might occur through exposure over time. If needed you should use specialist mounting hardware designed specifically for this purpose in order ensure secure attachment without damaging elements such as walls or roofs etc., All cabling should also be secured using appropriate clips/clamps etc., With safety always being paramount do not attempt anything above your skill level or which might put any persons life at risk - seek professional assistance when necessary!   

4) After checking all connections are firmly attached and sealed correctly then switch on power supply via main breaker/distribution board/fuse box etc., And check everything functions correctly before leaving site - resetting breakers/fuses as needed etc., Testing lights manually after dark once they have had sufficient time adjust brightness levels due gradual warm up period certain types of bulbs require prior full functionality - this should always be taken into consideration when making purchases!

Maintenance of 12V Low Voltage Garden Lighting

As with all outdoor electrical systems regular maintenance is essential in order to ensure proper functioning and reduce any potential risk of electric shock or other damage which might occur due exposure over time. Most manufacturers provide detailed instructions on how best to care for their products and this should always be consulted first as general guidance. Ensuring your garden lighting is functioning properly and looks its best requires regular maintenance. This includes cleaning, replacing bulbs, and protecting the lights from harsh weather conditions. 


Cleaning can be done with a soft cloth and mild detergent solution, taking care not to scratch or damage the fixtures or lenses. For fixtures with stubborn dirt or grime, a soft brush may be used but should be done carefully so as to not scratch or otherwise damage the finish of the fixture. Once clean, it's important to dry any wet spots thoroughly to prevent corrosion or rusting over time. 

Replacing Bulbs

Replacing light bulbs is an important part of maintaining low voltage garden lighting. It's important to pick a bulb that matches the wattage required for the fixture as well as the color temperature desired for your outdoor lighting scheme. When replacing bulbs, take care not to touch them directly with your hands as this can reduce their lifespan and performance significantly. Be sure to turn off power before attempting to replace any light bulbs in order to avoid electric shock hazards. 

Protecting from Weather

Protecting low voltage garden lighting from extreme weather conditions is essential for its longevity and performance. Regularly check all wiring connections and make sure they are properly sealed against water intrusion or other damages caused by exposure to moisture or other elements such as wind, rain, snow, etc. Depending on where you live, it may also be beneficial to apply silicone sealant around each connection point in order to provide additional protection against water infiltration or corrosion over time due to exposure to moisture and humidity. Additionally, using UV resistant plastic covers on fixtures can help protect them from sunlight damage which can cause fading or discoloration over time.


Maintaining your 12V low voltage garden lighting is an important part of ensuring that it looks its best and functions properly. Regularly cleaning, replacing bulbs, and protecting fixtures from harsh weather conditions can help to extend the life of your lights and maintain their performance over time. Following these tips will ensure your outdoor lighting looks great while providing added safety and illumination.

Happy lightening! :)  By following these tips and ensuring regular maintenance, you can enjoy the beauty of your garden lighting for many years to come!  Good luck on your next outdoor lighting project. Have a great day and happy lightening!

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

What is the difference between low voltage and high voltage lighting?

Low voltage garden lighting operates at 12V or below, while high voltage lighting runs on mains voltage (240V). Low voltage systems are safer to use and generally easier to install than high voltage systems.

Are low voltage garden lights safe to use?

Yes, low voltage garden lighting is safe to use as long as the wiring and fixtures are properly installed and maintained.

How long does a low voltage garden light last?

The lifespan of a low voltage garden light depends on the type and quality of the fixtures and bulbs used. Generally, they will last anywhere from 5 years to over 10 years with proper maintenance.

Can low voltage garden lights be used in rainy weather?

Yes, low voltage garden lights can be used in rainy weather as long as the fixtures and wiring are properly sealed against water intrusion. It is important to check the connections regularly for any signs of corrosion or damage from moisture.

How easy is it to install low voltage garden lights?

Low voltage garden lighting is relatively easy to install as long as you have a basic understanding of electricity and wiring. However, it is always recommended to hire a professional electrician if you are unsure about any aspect of the installation process.

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